PANCHAM

Album

Biography of Pancham.


FULL INFORMATIONS OF PANCHAM. OUR GOD OF MUSIC COMPOSITIONS:


Guru Dutt's Pyaasa. In 2004, the soundtrack for Pyaasa was chosen as one of "The Best Music in Film" by Sight & Sound, the British Film Institute magazine.[4]
As a child, Pancham also played the mouth organ [disambiguation needed] in the famous song Hai apna dil to aawara (from film Solva Saal - 1958, starring Dev Anand). Pancham began his music career as an assistant to his father.
Out of his 331 released movies 292 were in Hindi, 31 in Bangla, 3 in Telugu, 2 each in Tamil & Oriya and 1 in Marathi. RD also composed for 5 TV Serials in Hindi and Marathi. He also scored a large number of non-film songs in Bangla (also known as Pooja songs or modern songs), which are available in different albums.
R D Burman started his career as assistant to his father, Sachin Dev Burman. He assisted his father in Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi (1958) and Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959), and his first music interlude, in his father composition, was for the song, Jaane Kya Tune Kahi, sung by Geeta Dutt, for film Pyaasa (1957)[5]. His first film as a music director was Guru Dutt's Raaz (1959). However the film was shelved after some shooting and recording of few songs.
[edit] 1960s
Burman's first released movie as a music director was Mehmood's Chhote Nawab (1961). Mehmood once said that he gave the movie to Burman because he got tired of Burman denting his car with the persistent drumming of his fingers. The first song to be recorded for the movie, "Ghar aaja ghir aaye", was sung by Lata Mangeshkar because Burman wanted her to. The song brought together S. D. Burman and Lata Mangeshkar who had stopped recording together since 1957.
Burman continued to work as his father's assistant in movies like Bandini (1963), Teen Deviyaan (1965) and Guide (1965). Mehmood gave him his second movie as a music director in 1965 - Bhoot Bangla. The soundtrack is notable for a sedate "Jaago sonewalo" sung by Kishore Kumar and a contrasting "Aao twist karein", sung by Manna Dey,[6] a Desi version of Chubby Checker's "Let's Twist". In the movie, Burman also acted alongside Mehmood. He also composed the music of Teesra Kaun in 1965.
Burman's first hit movie was Teesri Manzil (1966). Burman gave credit to lyricist Majrooh Sultanpuri for recommending him to Nasir Hussain, the producer and writer of Teesri Manzil.[7] Vijay Anand also said that he had arranged a music session for him before Nasir Hussain.[8] After hearing his music, Nasir Hussain made him the music director of Teesri Manzil. Initially, Shammi Kapoor (hero of the movie) was unhappy over choice of Burman. He wanted the tried and tested Shankar-Jaikishen, who had composed music for most of his films. However, after hearing R. D. Burman's music, he had no problems. The songs "O haseena" and "Aaja aaja" belonged to a genre that Indian music lovers were unaware of.[citation needed] Mohammed Rafi sang all six songs, four of them were duets with Asha Bhosle. Nasir Hussain went on to sign R D Burman and lyricist Majrooh Sultanpuri for six of his films including Baharon Ke Sapne (1967), Pyar Ka Mausam (1969) and Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973).
In 1967, Burman composed music for the movies Chandan Ka Palna and Baharon Ke Sapne but neither film did particularly well at the box office, even though Burman's compositions were much liked. Meanwhile, he continued to work as his father's assistant for movies like Jewel Thief (1967) and Talash (1969).
In 1968, Burman had his second major box office hit after Teesri Manzil titled Padosan. His music for the comedy film was much appreciated.[citation needed]
In 1969, Waris and the musical hit Nasir Hussain's Pyar Ka Mausam (where he also acted in a supporting role) were released. For Aradhana (1969), Burman was credited as associate composer. When S. D. Burman fell ill during the recording of Aradhana's (1969) music, his son completed the music.
[edit] 1970s
R D Burman was India's most popular composer in 1970s (Bollywood's superstar era), famous for his peppy tunes. He teamed up with singers Asha Bhosle, Kishore Kumar, Lata Mangeshkar and others to churn up some of the biggest hits in the Bollywood music history.
In 1970, R D Burman composed music for six movies, of which Kati patang (a Rajesh Khanna starrer) was a musical hit.
Eleven more movies with R D Burman as music director were released in 1971. Of these, Amar prem, Buddha mil gaya, Caravan, and Hare Rama Hare Krishna were musical hits. Amar prem is noted for intricate songs based on Indian classical music such as Raina beeti jaaye (sung by Lata Mangeshkar) was also in this film. Buddha mil gaya had simple, peppy numbers like Raat kali ek khwab mein aayee and Bhali bhali si ek soorat. It also had a classical song Aayo kahan se Ghanshyam?. Caravan had the best Bollywood cabaret ever - Piya tu ab to aaja, picturized on Helen and sung by Asha Bhosle and R D Burman ("Monica! O my darling"). He also received his first Filmfare Best Music nomination for "Caravan." The title song of Hare Krishna Hare Rama sung by Asha became the hip-hop anthem for the youngsters. The song is used in Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories soundtrack, titled Dum Maro Dum for Radio Del Mundo in 2006. Other songs like Phoolon ka taaron ka and Kaanchi re were also popular.
In 1972, R D Burman composed music for nineteen films. Seeta aur Geeta, Rampur ka Lakshman, Mere jeevan saathi, Bombay to Goa, Apna desh and Parichay were musically successful. The high-pitched Asha-R D Burman duet Duniya mein logon ko from Apna desh became popular. Songs like Beeti na beetayi raina and Musafir Hoon Yaron from Parichay marked the beginning of a fruitful association between R D Burman and lyricist Gulzar. Rajesh Khanna's Mere jeevan sathi had beautiful evergreen Kishore Kumar numbers like O Mere Dil Ke Chain. Also released in 1972 Jawaani diwaani was a hit[citation needed]. Songs like Abhi nahi, Jaan-e-jaan dhoondhta phir raha and the title track were all chart-busters that year[citation needed].
1973 saw fourteen more R D Burman soundtracks, of which the most successful ones were Nasir Hussain's Yaadon Ki Baraat, Shareef badmash, Heera panna and Anamika. In 1974, sixteen movies with R D Burman music were released. Aap ki kasam and Ajanabee were major hits.
In 1975, there were nine movies with R D Burman soundtracks including the superhit Sholay, Deewaar ,Aandhi, Khushboo and Dharam karam. In Sholay, he sang Mehbooba mehbooba, picturised on Helen and Jalal Agha and for which he received his sole Filmfare nomination for playback singing. Aandhi had classic Gulzar songs sung by Kishore-Lata - Is mod se jaate hain, tum aa gaye ho, Tere bina zindagi se koi and others. Khushboo was another R D Burman-Gulzar masterpiece with songs like O manjhi re.
He did a song for a small documentary film called Maa Ki Pukaar, in 1975.
R D Burman also completed the music of Mili (1975) after his father went into coma and died. In 1976, there were 8 movies with R D Burman as music director, of which Mehabooba (1976) was a classic musical film based on reincarnation, where Rajesh Khanna played double role as Singer (Classical and Modern) with a very sophisticated way. Nine more movies were released in 1977. Naam gum jaayega (Kinara, 1977) is another of R D Burman-Gulzar gems, but it was "Kya Hua Tera Wada"(Nasir Hussain's Hum Kisi Se Kum Nahin, 1977) that revived Mohd. Rafi's career and became one of the most popular songs ever. Although, Kishore Kumar still continued to be the dominant male playback singer for R.D. Burman's songs, the success of "Kya Hua Tera Wada" enabled Burman to use Rafi more frequently.
In 1978, nine more R D Burman releases, including Shalimar and Kasme vaade. Shalimar included hits like Hum bewafa hargiz na the (Kishore Kumar) and the title track (Asha Bhosle). The title track, Mile jo kadi kadi and Aati rahengi baharein of Kasme Vaade were very popular. The title track and Raju chal Raju of Dharmendra-starrer Azaad were also moderately popular. Ghar was a huge hit for R.D. Burman-Gulzar duo with songs like Tere bina jiya jaaye na, Aaj Kal paon zameen par, Phir Wohi Raat hai.
1979 was a relatively full year for R D Burman, although he composed music for ten films. His biggest hit was Golmaal. The most popular songs were Aanewala pal (Kishore Kumar) and the title track (Golmaal hai bhai sab golmaal hai) sung by R D Burman and his assistant Sapan Chakraborty. Few other R D Burman hit songs in 1979 were Jeevan ke har mod pe (Jhoota kahin ka), Rim jhim gire saawan (Manzil), Saawan ke jhoole pade (Jurmana) and Do lafzon ki hai dil ki kahani (The great gambler, sung by Asha Bhosle and actor Sharad Kumar).
[edit] 1980s
In 1980, there were ten releases. The film Kudrat ( RD, Majrooh Sultanpuri, 1980) was a musical hit. The song "Humein Tumse Pyar Kitna" was recorded twice with a male singer (Kishore Kumar) and a female singer (Parveen Sultana), who received the Filmfare Best Female Playback Award.[9] R D Burman churned out musical hits like The burning train and Shaan, which were not successful at the box office. The burning train included popular Sahir Ludhianvi qawwali sung by Asha Bhosle and Mohammed Rafi - Pal do pal ka saath hamara. The film is also noted for Teri hai zameen, sung by Sushma Shrestha and Padmini Kolhapure as child-singers. Shaan had sizzlers like Pyar karne wale pyar karte hain shaan se (Asha Bhosle), Doston se pyaar kiya (Usha Uthup) and Yamma yamma (duet sung by Rafi and R D Burman). R D Burman also composed for Alibaba aur 40 chor (Приключения Али-Бабы и сорока разбойников in Russian), an Indo-Russian collaboration. Actor Rekha made her singing debut under R D Burman with the songs Kaayada kaayada and Saare niyam tod do in Khubsoorat (1980). The lyrics were penned by Gulzar. Other popular songs included Sun sun didi tere liye (Asha Bhosle) and Piya bavari (Asha and Ashok Kumar). The songs of Abdullah (1980) also became popular. The score is noted for Rafi-song Maine poocha chaand se, in which R D Burman modernised his father Sachin Dev Burman's tune. Mohd. Rafi's death stuns R.D. Burman, as it does the entire nation.
The year 1981 saw R D Burman composing for fifteen films. He created two hit soundtracks with lyricist Gulshan Bawra and Universal Music India (then called Music India) - Satte pe satta and Yeh vaada raha. Amitabh Bachchan-starrer Satte pe satta was a story of 7 brothers and their 7 brides. The songs picturized on the seven brothers were sung by R D Burman, his assistants Basu and Sapan Chakravorty, lyricist Gulshan Bawra, Bhupendra, Anand Kumar C and Kishore Kumar. The songs for the ladies were sung by Asha Bhosle, Annette and Dilraj Kaur. The hit songs include Dukki pe dukki ho, Pyar hamein kis mod pe, Dilbar mere and Zindagi milke bitaayenge. R D Burman's major hit in 1981 was Sanam teri kasam. The hit soundtrack included Kitne bhi tu kar le sitam, Jaan-e-jaan and Dekhta hoon koi ladki haseen among other songs. He received his first Filmfare Award for Best Music for this film, after being nominated for 12 years. received In 1981, R D Burman also composed music for Rocky (Sanjay Dutt's debut movie) and Love story (debut film of Sanjay Dutt's brother-in-law, Kumar Gaurav). The songs from both the movies were popular. However, Rocky was a semi-hit at the box office, Love story was a superhit. Jahan teri yeh nazar hai from Amitabh-starrer Kaalia (1981) also became very popular among listeners.
Fourteen more R D Burman soundtracks were released in 1982. The team of Nasir Hussain, R D Burman and Majrooh Sultanpuri (which had started with Teesri Manzil (1966)) presented Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai in 1982. The songs Poocho na yaar kya hua and Dil lena khel hai dildar ka became fleetingly popular, but the consensus was that Burman didn't deliver as strongly for Nasir Hussain this time as he had done previously. The film wasn't a hit either, and it was the last time the late Mohd. Rafi would be heard in a Nasir Hussain-R.D. Burman-Majrooh Sultanpuri collaboration. Ashok Kumar's last song Chalo haseen geet (Shaukeen, 1982) was composed by R D Burman. Angoor (1982) is noted for R D Burman's spoof on the O. P. Nayyar hit Preetam aan milo, sung by Sapan Chakravorty. Bemisal had good music but the film did not do well. In 1983, there were fifteen R D Burman soundtracks, of which Masoom and Agar Tum Na Hote are considered classics. He also received his second consecutive Filmfare Award for Best Music for "Masoom."
In 1984, fourteen R D Burman soundtracks were released. This year, Gulshan Kumar's T-Series made its entry into the arena of original film soundtracks. The company's first major music rights acquisition were for Pramod Chakravorty’s bi-lingual Jagir(Hindi)/Teen Murti(Bengali). The film's music was composed by R D Burman. This year, R D Burman came with somewhat disappointing scores. But he introduced a plethora of talented new singers in these years. Kumar Sanu was given his first break by R D Burman in Yeh desh (1984) as voice of Kamal Haasan. Abhijeet was given his major break by R D Burman in Anand aur Anand (1984). Although he made his debut a long time ago, Hariharan was first noticed in a duet with Kavita Krishnamurthy, Hai mubarak aaj ka din (Boxer, 1984), which was composed by R D Burman. Nasir Hussain's Manzil Manzil tanked, and critics commented on decline on Burman's music for the film.
In 1985, R D Burman had only two music hits among his 12 soundtracks, Saagar and Alag Alag. Mohammed Aziz, a popular Rafi clone of 1980s, made his debut with Shiva Ka Insaaf (1985) under R D Burman. Nasir Hussain's Zabardast (1985) became his third flop in a row, along with Burman's music. Hussain defended Burman to the press: "I disagree that RD gave weak music in (Zamane Ko Dikhana Hai (1982) and Manzil Manzil(1984)). He was passing through a lean phase during Zabardast."[10] Hussain stopped directing films and handed the reins over to his son Mansoor Khan, who hired other music directors. Hussain put a positive spin on it at the time by saying, "We did not ‘drop’ Pancham – Mansoor felt that he could not possibly tell Pancham Uncle to change his style for him. Pancham will come back the day I direct again, which I plan to do soon."[10] But that never happened. The partnership between Hussain and Burman which had started so strongly nearly twenty years ago with Teesri Manzil (1966) ended with a thud.
1986 is said to be the worst year of his career[citation needed]. None of his 9 soundtracks made a mark that year. After 1986, he started getting less work. The producers who gave him patronage suddenly seemed to have disappeared. Bappi Lahiri's ' plagiarized ' or lifted, Western Disco tunes had taken their toll on R D Burman. The year 1987 saw only 5 releases including the brilliant Ijaazat, which failed to prevent his downfall. Ijaazat is still considered a matchless score, with classics like Choti si kahani se, Khaali haath shaam aayi hi, Katra katra and Mera kuch samaan (which won Asha Bhosle the National Award as Best Singer).
In a rare feat, noted lyricist, Gulzar, R.D. Burman and Asha Bhosle, came together in 1987, to create a double album, titled, Dil Padosi Hai, which was released on 8 September 1987, Asha Bhosle's birthday [11]. R D Burman also produced private albums, including one based on the samba, and also collaborated with Boy George. He has also composed music for an album called Pantera produced by Pete Gavankar in 1987 whose lyrics were written by Jose Flores.
1988 saw some four more R D Burman soundtracks of which Libaas had good songs, but the producer refused to release the film. R D Burman gave music for 6 more movies in 1989, of which Parinda and Joshilaay were successful.
[edit] 1990s
R D Burman's last years were not very pleasant. The few films he composed music for flopped at the box office. Subhash Ghai promised him Ram Lakhan but gave it instead to Laxmikant-Pyarelal. This greatly upset Pancham. He suffered from a heart attack in 1988 and underwent heart surgery. During this period, he composed many tunes, which were never released.
R D Burman gave music for few mediocre movies in 1990 (two), 1991 (three) and 1992 (six). In 1994, there were four more releases, of which 1942: A Love Story (released after his death) has an unforgettable score. The film won him the third and last of his Filmfare Awards. The music of Janam Se Pehle (1994) was also composed by R D Burman. After his death, Ghatak: Lethal (1996) was released.
[edit] Legacy
After his death, in the late 1990s, the remix versions of R D Burman's hits ruled the Indian music scene. Even today, most of the Indian remix songs are his tunes remixed[citation needed].
Gang (2000) was released long after R D Burman's death. He was also credited for music of few more films after his death. For example, Monsoon Wedding (credit for Chura liya hai) and Dil Vil Pyaar Vyaar (2002), which had R D Burman songs "recreated" by one of his assistants Babloo Chakravorty.
Jhankaar Beats (2003 movie)starring Sanjay Suri, Rahul Bose, Juhi Chawla & Rinke Khanna was sort of a tribute to RDB, wherein Suri & Bose play musicians who revere RDB & his music & whose music is influenced by Burman. There was a remixed version of Burmans popular Kishore Kumar number "Humein tumse pyaar kitna" which was integral to the film. Both the films, Dil Vil Pyaar Vyaar and Jhankaar Beats paid tribute to R.D. Burman, and his music [12]."Jhankaar Beats" features one of his famous tunes from the movie, Kudrat while paying tribute to him.
In, 1995, Filmfare Awards, constituted a new award in the memory of R D Burman, Filmfare RD Burman Award for New Music Talent, given each year, to new music directors and singers in Hindi cinema. Before that A Indian Television proramme Suuperhit Muqabala's SUMU Award for R D Burman also started. Though that Award was not continued in later years as producers of the programme had some problems. The Filmfare RD Burman Award for New Music Talent is awarded to upcoming music talents.
In 2008 on 26 April 113 Minute documentary film, titled 'Pancham Unmixed - Mujhe Chalte Jana Hai', was premiered at IIFLA (ArcLight Hollywood), in Los Angeles [13]. The film takes an incisive look into the Pancham’s reflective artistry and buoyant-but-also-lonely inner being. Featuring a host of close friends, colleagues and admirers, the film attempts to evoke awe, admiration and nostalgia the way most of his music does, till date.
[edit] Personal life
Pancham married Rita Patel in 1966, but they were divorced in 1971. He then married Asha Bhosle in 1980. Together, they recorded many memorable tunes and also staged many live performances. After his father died in 1975, he took care of his mother. After Pancham's death, his mother eventually ended up in old-age home but came back to her late son's house to die on 15 October 2007.[14]
Burman had financial difficulties particularly later in his life. There have been wide discussions about the disconnect between the success of his music and his financial success.
[edit] Music style
Pancham was comfortable with all types of music, be it the romantic Raat kali from Buddha mil gaya (1971), the sexy cabaret Piya tu ab to aaja from Caravan (1971), the ultimate hippie anthem "Dum Maro Dum" from Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1972) or the classical Raina beeti jaaye. It is said that Dev Anand did not include the complete version of Dum Maro Dum in Hare Rama Hare Krishna, as he was worried the song would overshadow the film[citation needed]. At times, R D doubled up as a singer too. His most famous song as a singer was "Mehbooba" from Sholay. This song is inspired from the song "Say You Love Me" by Demis Roussos.
Pancham was a very creative person. His percussion included a spoon against a glass (Chura liya hai from Yaadon Ki Baaraat), desks (Masterji ki aa gayee chitthee from Kitaab) a bamboo whistle with a balloon (Abdullah) and bottles filled with water at different levels (O maajhi re from Khushboo).
Some of Pancham's songs were inspired from popular western tunes. For example,Aao twist karein (Bhoot Bangla) was a direct lift of Come lets twist again by Chubby Checker while Tera mujhse hai pehle ka naata koi (Aaa Gale Lag Ja) is said to be a copy of The Yellow Rose of Texas by Elvis Presley. There are many such other examples available at itwofs. "Bhali Bhali Si Ek Surat" (from Buddha Mil Gaya) is inspired by "Jump in the Line" (by Harry Belafonte). Another example is Mamma Mia by ABBA which inspired the song "Mil Gaya Humko Saathi Mil Gaya" in Hum Kisi Se Kam Nahi.The title song, "Bombay Goa" uses the music to the Beach Boys song "Help Me Rhonda"(1997)
Pancham also adapted folk music from eastern Europe in some of his tunes, such as the songs in the movie Satte Pe Satta. There have been discussions regarding the influence of the communist block of the eastern Europe on Pancham's music[citation needed].
Pancham has also directed music for some regional films, including Bangla, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu and Marathi. He also acted in one of the Bengali film named Gayak (starring Amitkumar and Debasri Roy), where RD plays himself and 'discovers' Amit singing on a beach. Pancham's non-filmi music comprises few albums, including Pantera - the international album for which he shares credit with Latin American composer Jose Flores. In the only experiment of its kind[citation needed] he recorded the light version of "Hume tumse pyar kitana" in the voice of playback singer Kishore Kumar while the classical version in the voice of "Parveen sultana". He recorded a variety of songs renderd by Kishore Kumar notably the classical song "Mere naina sawan bhado", the sad song "Chingari koi bhadake", the philosophical song "Aanewala pal", the pino song "Pyar diwana hota hai", the romantic song "O mere dil ke chain", the hummable wonder "Raat kali ", the separation song "Zindagi ke safar me ", the rainy song "Rimzhim gire saawan". He recorded "Tum bin jau kahan " in the voices of "kishor kumar " and "Mohd. Rafi" separately.
Notable musical assistants to Burman include Manohari Singh and Sapan Chakraborty.
He also used some of the popular western songs to compose his own tunes. One of his hit songs "Mehbooba Mehbooba" is inspired from the song "Say You Love Me" by the Greek singer Demis Roussos.[15]
[edit] Filmography
Main article: Rahul Dev Burman filmography
[edit] Awards and nominations
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Caravan (1971)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Yaadon Ki Baraat (1973)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Aap Ki Kasam (1974)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Khel Khel Mein (1975)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Sholay (1975)
• Filmfare Award Nomination for Best Male Playback Singer - for the song "Mehbooba Mehbooba" in Sholay (1975)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Mehbooba (1976)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Hum Kisi Se Kum Nahin (1977)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Kinara (1977)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Shalimar (1978)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Shaan (1980)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Love Story (1981)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award - Sanam Teri Kasam (1982)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award - Masoom (1983)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Betaab (1983)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Jawani (1984)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award Nomination - Saagar (1986)
• Filmfare Best Music Director Award - 1942: A Love Story (1994)
[edit] References
1. ^ Ranganathan Magadi (2006). India Rises in the West. p. 361.
2. ^ RD Burman - Profile Upperstall.com.
3. ^ R.D. Burman, who had been Dilshad Khan's classmate in St Xavier's School, Kolkata. entertainment.oneindia.in, 12 October 2007.
4. ^ Olivier Assayas (September 2004). "The Best Music in Film". Sight & Sound. http://www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/filmmusic/detail.php?t=d&q=6. Retrieved 2009-04-26.
5. ^ "Dada felt Guru Dutt was spoiling me" - R.D. Burman www.bollywoodhungama.com. 24 January 2008.
6. ^ The rare Pancham Rediff.com, 27 June 2002.
7. ^ R D Burman - My God, That's My Tune
8. ^ Screen The Business Of Entertainment-Films-Nostalgia
9. ^ 1st Filmfare Awards 1953
10. ^ a b Screen The Business Of Entertainment-Films-Tribute
11. ^ Dil Padosi Hai, release
12. ^ Pulsating Pancham The Hindu, 27 June 2007.
13. ^ Pancham Unmixed : A Salute to the Boss - R.D. Burman passionforcinema.com.
14. ^ S.D. Burman's wife Meera dead - Music India OnLine
15. ^ "chronicles of plagiarism in Indian film music R D Burman [Hindi]". http://www.itwofs.com/hindi-rdb.html.
R.D. Burman Biography


Rahul Dev Burman, also known as R. D. Burman, and Pancham da, (June 27, 1939 - January 4, 1994) was one of the great music composers of Bollywood. Commonly R.D. Burman is kown as Pancham among his fans. He was the only son of singer and music composer Sachin Dev Burman and Meera, and the second husband of playback singer Asha Bhosle. He is credited with revolutionizing the music in Hindi films, and his style and techniques continue to be followed by the composers of today.Pancham married a lady named Rita in 1960, but they were divorced in 1971. He then married Asha Bhosle. Together, they recorded many memorable tunes and also staged many live performances. After his father died in 1975, he took care of his mother. After Pancham's death, she eventually ended up in old-age home but came back to her late son's house to die on October 16, 2007.He started independent music composing in 1961 with Chhote Nawaab and did 331 Films and 4 Non-Film Albums. Before coming into his own, he assisted his father S.D. Burman for long. Out of his 331 released movies 292 were in Hindi, 31 in Bangla, 3 in Telugu, 2 each in Tamil & Oriya and 1 in Marathi. RD also composed for 5 TV Serials in Hindi and Marathi.R D Burman did playback in eighteen movies composed by him. He was famous for unique, grunting bass singing style. He also acted in the film Bhoot Bungla (1965) and Pyar Ka Mausam (1967).


R.D. Burman Movies as Actor



Bhoot Bungla (1965)









Filmography as music_director/other crew



Dil Vil Pyar Vyar (2002) - music_director


Monsoon Wedding (2001) - music_director


Janam Se Pehle (1994) - music_director


Antam (1992) - music_director


Drohi (1992) - music_director


Khule-Aam (1992) - music_director


Maa (1992) - music_director


Sarphira (1992) - music_director


Siyasat (1992) - music_director


Gunehgar Kaun (1991) - music_director


Indrajeet (1991) - music_director


Jhoothi Shaan (1991) - music_director


Chor Pe Mor (1990) - music_director


Dushman (1990) - music_director


Jeene Do (1990) - music_director


Bahurani (1989) - music_director


Dost (1989) - music_director


Mil Gayee Manzil Mujhe (1989) - music_director


Be Lagaam (1988) - music_director


Chinni Krishnudu (1988) - music_director


Rama O Rama (1988) - music_director


Dacait (1987) - music_director


Inaam Dus Hazaar (1987) - music_director


Subah (1987) - music_director


Anokha Rishta (1986) - music_director


Ek Main Aur Ek Tu (1986) - music_director


Jeeva (1986) - music_director


Musafir (1986) - music_director


Palay Khan (1986) - music_director


Samundar (1986) - music_director


Zindagani (1986) - music_director


Alag Alag (1985) - music_director


Arjun (1985) - music_director


Ek Se Bhale Do (1985) - music_director,other crew


Rahi Badal Gaye (1985) - music_director


Ram Tere Kitne Nam (1985) - music_director


Sitamgar (1985) - music_director


Zabardast (1985) - music_director


Awaaz (1984) - music_director


Bindiya Chamkegi (1984) - music_director


Boxer (1984) - music_director


Duniya (1984) - music_director


Farishta (1984) - music_director


Hum Hain Lajawab (1984) - music_director


Jawaani (1984) - music_director


Jhootha Sach (1984) - music_director


Maati Maange Khoon (1984) - music_director


Yeh Desh (1984) - music_director


Agar Tum Na Hote (1983) - music_director


Bade Dil Wala (1983) - music_director


Betaab (1983) - music_director


Daulat Ke Dushman (1983) - music_director


Ganga Meri Maa (1983) - music_director


Main Awara Hoon (1983) - music_director


Qayamat (1983) - music_director


Romance (1983) - music_director


Shubh Kaamna (1983) - music_director


Ashanti (1982) - music_director


Daulat (1982) - music_director


Teri Kasam (1982) - music_director


Yeh To Kamaal Ho Gaya (1982) - music_director


Yeh Vaada Raha (1982) - music_director


Zamaane Ko Dikhana Hai (1981) - music_director


Gehra Zakhm (1981) - music_director


Ghunghroo Ki Awaaz (1981) - music_director


Baseraa (1981) - music_director


Jail Yatra (1981) - music_director


Harjaee (1981) - music_director


Rocky (1981) - music_director


Mangalsutra (1981) - music_director


Kudrat (1981) - music_director


Naram Garam (1981) - music_director


Barsaat Ki Ek Raat (1981) - music_director


Dhuaan (1981) - music_director


Kaalia (1981) - music_director


Love Story (1981) - music_director


Red Rose (1980) - music_director


Dhan Daulat (1980) - music_director


Aanchal (1980) - music_director


Abdullah (1980) - music_director


Alibaba Aur 40 Chor (1980) - music_director


Biwi-O-Biwi (1980) - music_director


Bulundi (1980) - music_director


Gunahgaar (1980) - music_director


Jal Mahal (1980) - music_director


Khubsoorat (1980) - music_director


Phir Wohi Raat (1980) - music_director


Sitara (1980) - music_director


Takkar (1980) - music_director


The Burning Train (1980) - music_director


Dhongee (1979) - music_director


Golmaal (1979) - music_director


Hamaare Tumhare (1979) - music_director


Jhoota Kahin Ka (1979) - music_director


Jurmana (1979) - music_director


Manzil (1979) - music_director


Nauker (1979) - music_director


Ratnadeep (1979) - music_director


Salaam Memsaab (1979) - music_director


The Great Gambler (1979) - music_director


Naukri (1978) - music_director


Azaad (1978) - music_director


Bhola Bhala (1978) - music_director


Chor Ho To Aisa (1978) - music_director


Devata (1978) - music_director


Ghar (1978) - music_director


Heeralal Pannalal (1978) - music_director


Kasme Vaade (1978) - music_director


Naya Daur (1978) - music_director


Phandebaaz (1978) - music_director


Shalimar (1978) - music_director


Chalta Purza (1977) - music_director


Chandi Sona (1977) - music_director


Darling Darling (1977) - music_director


Hum Kisise Kum Nahin (1977) - music_director


Jeevan Mukt (1977) - music_director


Karm (1977) - music_director


Kitaab (1977) - music_director


Mukti (1977) - music_director


Vishwasghaat (1977) - music_director


Khalifa (1976) - music_director


Bundal Baaz (1976) - music_director


Balika Badhu (1976) - music_director


Bhala Manus (1976) - music_director


Bhanwar (1976) - music_director


Bullet (1976) - music_director


Maha Chor (1976) - music_director


Mehbooba (1976) - music_director


Nehle Pe Dehla (1976) - music_director


Aandhi (1975) - music_director


Deewaar (1975) - music_director


Dharam Karam (1975) - music_director


Kahte Hain Mujhko Raja (1975) - music_director


Kala Sona (1975) - music_director


Khel Khel Mein (1975) - music_director


Khushboo (1975) - music_director


Mazaaq (1975) - music_director


Sholay (1975) - music_director


Warrant (1975) - music_director


Aap Ki Kasam (1974) - music_director


Ajanabee (1974) - music_director


Charitraheen (1974) - music_director


Doosri Sita (1974) - music_director


Humshakal (1974) - music_director


Khhotte Sikkay (1974) - music_director


Madhosh (1974) - music_director


Mr. Romeo (1974) - music_director


Phir Kab Milogi (1974) - music_director


Trimurti (1974) - music_director


Ujala Hi Ujala (1974) - music_director


Zehreela Insaan (1974) - music_director


Aa Gale Lag Jaa (1973) - music_director


Anamika (1973) - music_director


Bandhe Haath (1973) - music_director


Chhalia (1973) - music_director


Do Phool (1973) - music_director


Heera Panna (1973) - music_director


Hifazat (1973) - music_director


Jaise Ko Taisa (1973) - music_director


Jheel Ke Us Paar (1973) - music_director


Joshila (1973) - music_director


Nafrat (1973) - music_director


Namak Haraam (1973) - music_director


Paanch Dushman (1973) - music_director


Raja Rani (1973) - music_director


Rickshawala (1973) - music_director


Shareef Budmaash (1973) - music_director


Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973) - music_director


Apna Desh (1972) - music_director


Bombay to Goa (1972) - music_director


Dil Ka Raja (1972) - music_director


Do Chor (1972) - music_director


Double Cross (1972) - music_director


Garam Masala (1972) - music_director


Gomti Ke Kinare (1972) - music_director


Jawani Diwani (1972) - music_director


Mere Jeevan Saathi (1972) - music_director


Parchhaiyan (1972) - music_director


Parichay (1972) - music_director


Rakhi Aur Hathkadi (1972) - music_director


Rampur Ka Lakshman (1972) - music_director


Rani Mera Naam (1972) - music_director


Samadhi (1972) - music_director


Savera (1972) - music_director


Seeta Aur Geeta (1972) - music_director


Shehzada (1972) - music_director


Yeh Gulistan Hamara (1972) - music_director


Lakhon Mein Ek (1971) - music_director


Adhikar (1971) - music_director


Buddha Mil Gaya (1971) - music_director


Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi (1970) - music_director


Ehsan (1970) - music_director


Puraskar (1970) - music_director


Raaton Ka Raja (1970) - music_director


The Train (1970) - music_director


Pyar Ka Mausam (1969) - music_director


Bhoot Bungla (1965) - music_director


Teen Devian (1965) - other crew


Chhote Nawab (1961) - music_director









































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Home » Meri awaaz suno » Did R.D.Burman really preferred KK over Rafi?

Did R.D.Burman really preferred KK over Rafi?
This article is written by Mr.H.V.Guru Murthy.
A regular browser to web site mohdrafi.com, having gone through the letters of Rafi lovers would assume that R D Burman did not utilize Rafi properly, instead he preferred Kishore Kumar. Because of this reason, Rafi Fans are still upset with RDB even though he passed away a decade back.
Yes, it is true that RDB preferred KK over Rafi during early seventies. For that matter, which Music Director or Actor or Producer or Director will not have his preference. It was well known that Raj Kapoor always preferred Mukesh, Manoj Kumar preferred Mukesh or Mahendra Kapoor, B.R.Chopra films had Mahendra, MD Ravi also had plenty of songs with Mahendra so also O.P after he broke with Rafi. Similarly OP always had either Asha or Geetha Dutt and never Lata. Salil also used all other Singers. Director Subba Rao insisted on Mukesh for SAATHI even though the hero was Rajendra Kumar and MD Naushad, two Rafi Fans. Even Kalyanji Anandji had many films with Mahendra Kapoor, Mukesh and KK even though Rafi was instrumental in their raise through JAB JAB PHOOL KHILE, AAMNE SAAMNE, etc. LP, by all means Rafi Bhakts, used KK regularly in the early seventies even for Rafi heroes like Jeetendra, Dharmendra, etc. SJ also switched over to KK in movies like MAIN SUNDAR HOON, DIL DAULAT DUNIYA, KAL AAJ AUR KAL, etc. Of course, the music standard came down a notch or two in that period. But, well, it is their prerogative to have whomsoever they wanted though I am sure in heart of heart, why even openly, they would have admitted the superiority of Rafi over all other Singers. Similarly, RDB also used KK for almost all his movies in the early seventies as perhaps he had some special chemistry with him.
However, let us not forget that RDB used Rafi extensively during late sixties as his main playback singer right from the first movie. He gave hit music with Rafi in TEESRI MANZIL, NAQLI NAWAAB, CARAVAN, PYAAR KA MAUSAM, THE TRAIN, ABHILASHA, ADHIKAR, RATON KA RAAJA, etc. Later during late seventies he returned to Rafi and gave hits like SHAAN, HUM KISISE KUM NAHIN, ABDULLAH, ZAMANE KO DIKHANA HAI, etc. In between, he had Rafi in CHANDI SONA qawali with Mannadey (Ek Shok Hasina Se), YADON KI BAARAT (Title song and who can forget the duet with Asha Chura Liya Hai Tumne), DIL KA BAADSHAH (this Raj Kumar starrer had all songs by Rafi), THE GREAT GAMBLER (Raftasa Mera Naam), SHEHZADA (Solo Tere Attaroo and duet with Lata Kaahe Ko Bulaya), etc.

If a person cannot appreciate the greatness of Rafi, then it can be safely concluded that the person does not have a sense of music. Of course, RDB was a good MD though not a great MD like Naushad, Madan Mohan, OP Nayyar, SDB, etc. RD would have definitely known the great qualities of Rafi, the Singer. Just because he did not use Rafi extensively as one would expect, let us not degrade this MD who gave us some good songs in CHANDAN KA PALNA, PADOSAN, HARE RAMA HARE KRISHNA, MERE JEEVAN SAATHI, AJNABEE, AMAR PREM, SANAM TERI KASAM, BHOOT BANGLA, BAHARON KE SAPNE (Rafi solo Zamane Ne Maare), PARICHAY, KINAARA, APNA DESH, ZAHREELA INSAAN, RAMPUR KA LAKSHAMAN (Pyaar Ka Samay with Lata, KK and Rafi), 1942 – A LOVE STORY, KATI PATANG to certain extent, etc. though he gave some very mediocre music in films like DEEWAR, SHOLAY, KITAAB, ZAKHMEE, RAFOO CHAKKAR, NAMKEEN, DHARAM KARAM and BIWI O BIWI (so un-RK film like), etc. so many forgettable movies as for as music was concerned.
The irony of RDB was either he gave good music or petered out to a very mediocre music in so many films. I read some where that Shashi Kapoor called RD as National Anthem Music Director. In those days, theatres used to play National Anthem at the end of the movie and the Hall doors used to be shut till the completion of the Anthem. As soon as the Anthem used to commence, our in-disciplined people used to rush to the Hall Door and wait for the door opening. Similarly, whenever RDB songs commenced in most of the movies, people used to rush to toilet.
Still, it is not fair that we use harsh and sometimes, un-parliamentary language against any body if they differ with our views. We cannot forget the contribution of all these MDs, Heroes, Singers, Directors, etc. in making the Indian Film Music so rich.
This entry was posted on Sunday, July 15th, 2007 at 6:11 pm and is filed under Meri Awaaz Suno. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.



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List of Movies of Music Director R.D.Burman


HANGAMA

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SHALIMAR - THE BURNING TRAIN - SHOLAY - 3 in 1 DVD

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R.D.Burman Ultimate Unremix Vol.2 - (Songs Compilation)

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The Immortal Collection R.D.Burman - 6 VCD Pack - Songs Compilation

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ANARI - TAQDEERWALA - DROHI - 3 in 1 DVD

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DUSHMAN

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PALAY KHAN

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ANYAY HI ANYAY

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AMNE SAMNE

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BADE DILWALA

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EHSAN

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BAAT EK RAAT KI

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SAUTELA BHAI

DVD: Rs.34.00
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BHOOT BUNGLA

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TEESRI MANZIL

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BAHARON KE SAPNE

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PADOSAN

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PYAR KA MAUSAM

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KATI PATANG

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PREETAM

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MELA

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HARE RAMA HARE KRISHNA

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AMAR PREM

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HUNGAMA

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SANJOG

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ADHIKAR

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MELA (1971)

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HULCHAL

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BUDDHA MIL GAYA

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RAMPUR KA LAKSHMAN

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DOUBLE CROSS

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SEETA AUR GEETA

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DIL KA RAAJA

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SAMADHI

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DO CHOR

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GARAM MASALA

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GOMTI KE KINARE

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BOMBAY TO GOA

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YAAR MERI ZINDAGI

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JOSHILA

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YAADON KI BAARAAT

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AA GALE LAG JAA

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NAFRAT

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JHEEL KE US PAAR

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RAJA RANI

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ANAMIKA

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RICKSHAWALA

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DO PHOOL

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HEERA PANNA (1973)

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ISHK ISHK ISHK

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CHARITRAHEEN

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AAP KI KASAM

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MANORANJAN

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HUMSHAKAL

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AJANABEE

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DIL DIWANA

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PHIR KAB MILOGI

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BENAAM (1974)

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ZEHREELA INSAAN

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SHAITAAN

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KAHTE HAIN MUJHKO RAJA

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RAAJA

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DEEWAAR

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KHEL KHEL MEIN

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SHOLAY

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AANDHI

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WARRANT

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DHARAM KARAM

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BALIKA BADHU

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BUNDALBAAZ

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BULLET

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KHALIFA

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MEHBOOBA

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MAHA CHOR

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HUM KISISE KUM NAHIN (1977)

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MUKTI

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CHALTA PURZA

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KARM

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SHALIMAR

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KASME VAADE

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PHANDEBAAZ

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CHOR HO TO AISA

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DEVATA

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GHAR

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GOLMAAL

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JHOOTA KAHIN KA

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NAUKER

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JURMANA

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MANZIL

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THE GREAT GAMBLER

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JALLIAN WALLA BAGH

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HAMARE TUMHARE

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SHAAN

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ALIBABA AUR 40 CHOR

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AANCHAL

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RED ROSE

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THE BURNING TRAIN

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LOVE STORY

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BASERA

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NAUKARI

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KAALIA

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GHUNGROO KI AWAAZ

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BIWI O BIWI

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KAALIA (1981)

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BARSAT KI EK RAAT (1981)

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ROCKY (old)

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ASHANTI

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ZAMANE KO DIKHANA HAI

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ANGOOR

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SHAKTI

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TERI KASAM

YEH TO KAMAAL HO GAYA

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DAULAT

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SANAM TERI KASAM

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SHAUKEEN (1982)

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NAMKEEN

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USTADI USTAD SE

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BEMISAAL

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AAMNE SAMNE

YEH VAADA RAHA

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CHOR POLICE

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ROMANCE

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DARD KA RISHTA

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BETAAB

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SHUBH KAAMNA

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MAZDOOR

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QAYAMAT

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LOVERS

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MAHAAN

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MASOOM

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ANDAR BAAHAR

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ANAND AUR ANAND

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BOXER

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SUNNY

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AWAAZ

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KARISHMAA

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AAN AUR SHAAN

ALAG ALAG

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RAM TERE KITNE NAAM

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SAAGAR

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SITAMGAR

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HUM NAUJAWAN

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ZINDAGANI

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SAMUNDAR

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BOND 303

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IJAAJAT

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HIFAZAT

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INAAM DUS HAZAAR

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APNE APNE

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FAISLA

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ZALZALA

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AAG SE KHELENGE

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PARINDA

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DOST

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JOSHILAAY

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MIL GAYEE MANZIL MUJHE

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Rahul Dev Burman, better known as R.D. Burman, was a famous Bollywood music director during the 60's through the early 90's. He was known for introducing an upbeat, Western copied music that defined much of the music of the 1970's. This style has influenced generations of music directors even to today.
R.D. Burman was born in Calcutta on June 27th, 1939, in Calcutta. His father was the legendary music director S.D. Burman and his mother was named Meera. As a child he was nicknamed "Pancham". There seems to be some disagreement as to how he acquired this nickname. One story has it that as an infant, his crying reminded his parents of the fifth note of the Indian scale; this is known as Pancham. Another story has it that once when Ashok Kumar was visiting, the he kept saying "Pa Pa, Pa, Pa" and whereupon Ashok Kumar named him "Pancham".
His music education began very early on. Naturally there was the influence of growing up in his father's home, with constant music surrounding him. Furthermore after the family moved from Calcutta to Bombay, he started to learn sarod from the famous Ali Akbar Khan. He also learned to play the harmonica. With such a musical environment, it is not surprising that he started to compose music very quickly. He was only nine years old when he composed his first song; this was Aye Meri Topi Palat Ke Aa and his father used it in the film "Funtoosh" 1956).
His professional career began in 1958. He began assisting his father on films such as "Solva Saal" (1958), "Chalti Ka Naaam Gaadi" (1958), and "Kaagaz ka Phool" (1957). His first film as music director was Guru Dutt's film "Raaz" (1959); unfortunately, this film was shelved in the middle of the project. His first released film as a music director was Mehmood's "Chote Nawaab" (1961). From there his career was firmly launched.

RD. Burman and Mehmood in scene from "Bhoot Bangla"
The 1960's saw RD. Burman working in various capacities. Sometimes he worked as an assistant music director to his father; he assisted his father on such films as "Bandini" (1963), "Teen Deviyaan" (1965), "Guide" (1965), "Jewel Thief" (1967) and "Talash" (1969). He also tried his hand at acting; he acted in such films as "Bhoot Bangla" (1965) and "Pyaar Ka Mausam" (1967). But more significantly he started working as a music director in his own right. For instance, there was "Bhoot Bangla" (1965), and his first hit film "Teesri Manzil" (1966).

Poster for "Teesri Manzil"
"Tesri Manzil" marked a major milestone in his career. From this point on, he was well establish, and was able to be the music director for a number of major films. This brought him a number of successful films such as "Padosan" (1968) and "Waris" (1969). The dawn of the 70s saw, RD Burman become Bollywood's most sought after music director. This was represented by such immortal hits as "Amar Prem" (1971), "Hare Rama Hare Krishna" (1971), "Seetha Aur Geeta" (1972), and "Sholay" (1975).
This period of his life was marked by both personal success and hardships. He married Rita Patel in 1966, but the marriage did not last; they were divorced in 1971. In 1975 his father passed away.
The death of his father may be seen as a punctuation in his career. It did not stop him, but marked the start of another decade of successful films in Bollywood. It is pointless to try and name them all, but a few which particularly stand out are "Hum Kisi Se Kum Nahin" (1977), "Golmal" (1979), "Kudrat" (1980), and "Burning Train" (1980)
His personal life was also good in this period. In 1980 he married Asha Bhosle in 1980. They remained happily married until his death.

R.D. Burman and wife Asha Bhosle
At the height of his career, there were repeated questions concerning his "borrowing" of themes from other songs. We must remember India is generally known for its rather pragmatic and liberal approach to intellectual property laws; and all of the Indian genres of music, be they classical, folk, or popular, find themes freely passing from one artist to another. However, the extent to which RD Burman "borrowed" material is generally considered to have exceeded even what was normal for Bollywood. For example Aao Twist Karein ("Bhoot Bhangla" - 1965) is a ripoff of Let's Twist Again by Chubby Checker; Tera Mujhse Hai Pehle Ka Naata Koi ("Aaa Gale Lag Ja" - 1973) is lifted from The Yellow Rose of Texas (Traditional Texas folksong), or Tumse Milke ("Parinda" - 1989) was lifted from When I Need You (Hammond & Sager). This list of R.D. Burman songs that contained material that was "borrowed" from pre-existing sources, is so long that many say that the majority of his career was actually based upon plagiarism. I think that it is an interesting reflection upon both Indian business as well as Indian society, that such activities failed to arouse any significant reproach.
The mid 1980's were a very hard time for R.D. Burman, both personally as well as professionally. The general perception was that he had lost his touch. The songs that he did, generally failed to make a major impact on the public. Where R.D. Burman had made a career from Western "inspired" songs, he found that he was repeatedly being outdone by Bappi Lahiri's Western "inspired" disco. In 1988 at the age of 49, he suffered a heart attack. He underwent surgery and continued to make music. But his career limped into the 1990's with very lacklustre commercial success. There were a few exceptions to the publics rejection of his music, most notably "1942: A Love Story". But by and large he was considered finished in the Bollywood film industry. At the age of 54 he suffered another heart attack. With his wife Asha at his side, he die on January 4, 1994.
His death may have brought an end to his musical output, but he is fondly remembered today. Where the public, and business rejected him the last years of his life, today the public tends to focus on the high spots in his career. He has been remembered and honoured by numerous, remixes, documentaries, and the naming of the "Filmfare RD Burman Award for New Music Talent" after him.



1:07
Rare Video.....
2 months ago